3. Folk Culture
There is no academic institute in Montenegro, working on the creation of a ‘national’ folk culture, neither is there an Ethnographic of Ethnological Institute.
3.1 Professional associations of ethnographers/folklorists
- Odbor za etnologiju Crnogorske akademije nauka i umjetnosti (Committe for ethnology of the Montenegrin Academy of Science and Arts), founded in Podgorica in 1973. The Committee has about forty members (mostly ethnologists, but some of the members come from neighboring disciplines).
- Društvo etnologa Crne Gore(Association of Ethnologists of Montenegro) was founded in Titograd by the ethnologist Jovan Vukmanović. The association still exists on paper, but stopped any substantial activities in 1985.
There are no ethnographic or ethnological periodicals in Montenegro, but some recent anthologies deal with Montenegrin folklore and culture:
- Tradicionalna kultura u Crnoj Gori (Traditional folk culture in Montenegro), ed. Montenegrin Academy of Science and Arts, Section of Social Sciences (= Anthology Papers, vol. 24). Podgorica 2000.
- Selo u Crnoj Gori (The Village in Montenegro), ed. Montenegrin Academy of Science and Arts and University of Montenegro. Podgorica 2004.
- Etnologija grada u Crnoj Gori (The Ethnology of the Town in Montenegro), ed. Montenegrin Academy of Science and Arts. Podgorica, in press.
3.3 Ethnographic Museums
In Cetinje the Etnografski muzej (Ethnographic Museum) operates since 1951. During the six decades of existence the museum had to change its location three times, and is now located in the building of the former Serbian Embassy. The Ethnographic Museum used to publish the journal “Glasnik Etnografskog muzeja” (“Herald of the Ethnographic Museum”) from 1961 until 1964. After that, the journal continued as the “Glasnik Cetinjskih muzeja” (“Herald of the Museums in Cetinje”, since 1968), but it appears rather occasionally than regularly.
3.4 NGOs for “folk culture”
- Festa established in 2000. It is of the FECC-a (Federation of European Carnival Towns).
- Mrkojevići, established 2004.
- Orkestar Bokelji in Herceg Novi.
- Amatersko kulturno-umjetničko društvo “Mirko Srzentić” (Nonprofessional Cultural-Artistical Association “Mirko Srzentić”)
3.5 Major Recent Exhibitions
- Od niti do tkanine (From thread to textile), Cetinje, December 2004.
- Crnogorka nosnja (Montenegro national garb), Cetinje, July 2005.
- Vez i nakit (Embroidery and ornament), Podgorica, 2007.
3.6 Authoritative Publications about Folk Culture
The main recent publications about Montenegrin popular culture are either reprints of older works, such as of Vuk Karadžić or Jovan Cvijić, or translations of texts by foreign travelers or scientists, such as the two-volume “Ethnography of Montenegro” by the 19th century Russian historian Pavel A. Rovinski, edited in 1998. An important new domestic contribution is:
- Tradicionalna narodna kultura u Crnoj Gori: radovi sa naučnog skupa. Podgorica, 7. i 8. decembra 1998, ed. Petar Vlahović. Podgorica 1998.
In the 1990s, the Montenegrin Academy of Science and Arts started the project of the Enciklopedija Crne Gore (Encyclopedia of Montenegro) but by now, only a preliminary volume has been published (in 1999).