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2. National History

2.1 Historical Institutes

Istorijski institut

The most important institution for historiography in Montenero is the Istorijski institut (Historical Institute) in Podgorica established in 1948. The Institute publishes, together with the Association of Historians of Montenegro, the journal Istorijski zapisi (Historical Notes). The Istorijski Zapisi were continuing the historical journal Zapisi, which had appeared in the inter-war period in Cetinje until 1941.

Other academic institutions

Apart from the Historical Institute, some other academic institutions also contribute to the national narrative, though not in such a consistent way. These are the Institute for Geography and History, the Institute for Sociology, and the Institute for Language, all at the Faculty of Philosophy in the town of Nikšić, the “Petar Petrović Njegoš” Institute for Language and Literature in Podgorica and the Institute for Montenegrin Language and Linguistics.

Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts

The Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts (Crnogorska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti) also has a historical department, which was, however, pro-Serbian in its national orientation and thus did not contribute to the creation of a Montenegrin national narrative. Opposed to the official Academy, theDoclean Academy of Sciences and Art (Dukljanska Akademija Nauka i Umjetnosti, DANU) was established as a non-governmental organisation in 1999. It included also some of the best-known Montenegrin historians. Since 2000, the DANU publishes the journal Doclea, which includes many contributions by historians

2.2 Historical Museums

The historical museums of national significance are located in Cetinje, the capital of the first independent Montenegrin state (until 1918).

The Istorijski muzej Crne Gore (Historical Museum of Montenegro) in Cetinje was opened the public in 1989 and is the youngest unit of the National Museum of Montenegro, which is the organizational umbrella of the museums in Cetinje. For national history important as well are the Biljarda-Muzej Petra II Petrovića Njegoša (the Museum of Petar II Petrović Njegoš) in the former residence of prince-bishop Petrović Njegoš, and the Muzej kralja Nikole (King Nikola’s Museum) in the former palace King Nikola, opened as a museum in 1926.

Aside from that, there are 18 local museums in Montenegro, usually also with historical departments.

2.3 Authoritative Publications for National History

  • Istorija Crne Gore (History of Montenegro), 3 vols. Titograd (Podgorica), 1967, 1970, 1975.

  • Živković, Dragoje: Istorija crnogorskog naroda (History of the Montenegrin People), 3 vols. Cetinje 1989, 1992, 1998.

  • Rotković, Radoslav: Odakle su došli preci Crnogoraca (Where did the Montenegrins come from). Cetinje 1995 (second edition: Cetinje 2000).

  • Rotković, Radoslav: Kratka ilustrovana istorija crnogorskog naroda. Cetinje 1996.

  • Kratka istorija Crne Gore 1496–1918, ed. Živko M. Andrijašević. Bar 2000.

  • Crnogorski istorijski rečnik (Montenegrin Historical Dictionary), 4 vols.,ed. Šerbo Rastoder et al. Podgorica 2006.

2.4 Associations

  • Istorisko društvo Crne Gore (Historical Society of Montenegro) existed from 1948 to 1952. Its successor organization, the
  • Društvo istoričara Crne Gore (Society of Historians of Montenegro) was founded in 1959. Together with the Institute for History it edits the historical journal “Historijski zapisi”.