1. Census-related Issues (after 1945)

In Montentenegro, the Zavod za statistiku Crne Gore (Institute for Statistics, Montenegro – MONSTAT), which was established on May 15, 1909, is responsible of carrying out censuses and publishing their results.

In the post-war period, there were censuses in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, and 2003. The last census was the first separate Montenegrin one, while the others were all-Yugoslav ones.

Percentage for name-giving nation

In the Yugoslav and Montenegrin censuses, the name used for the constitutive people of Montenegro is Crnogorci (Montenegrins). There have been significant changes in their share of the total population, reflecting shifts in popular attitudes towards the interpretation of “Montenegrins” as an ethnic category or not. This is also reflected in the changes of the number of people, who identify themselves as “Serbs”. These shifts are mainly due to changing patterns of identification and not to migratory movements.

 

 

Montenegrins

Serbs

 

In % of the total population

1948

90.7

1.8

1953

86.6

3.3

1961

81.4

3.0

1971

67.6

7.5

1981

68.5

3.3

1991

61.9

9.3

2003

43.2

32.0