The Section Ethnography and Art Studies at the Academy of Science of Moldova was established in 1961 and reformed in 1991, forming the Institute of Ethnography and Folklore at the Academy of Science of Moldova. It employed 37 researchers. In 1998, the Institute was dissolved, and its researchers joined other Academy institutes: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Institute of History and Institute of Linguistics and Folklore.
Within the frame of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, the following sections exist: “Material Culture with the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography”, “General Problems of Ethnography”, “Studies of Popular Artistic Trades (Handicraft)”
In 2006, the Academy of Sciences formed the Institute of Cultural Heritage, which includes: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography; Institute of Inter-ethnical Studies; Institute of Arts Studies.
From 1991 to 1998 the Institute of Ethnography and Folklore published“Revista de Etnologie” (“Journal of Ethnology”). Since 2005 the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography publishes “Revista Etnografică” (“Ethnographic Review”).
The first historical and ethnographical exhibition was organized in 1958 in the frame of the Academy of Sciences as a part of its Section of Ethnography and Arts Studies, (later the Institute of Archaeology and Old History and the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography). In June 1986 it was relocated into a new building. Since 2006 it is a part of the Institute of Cultural Heritage.
Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, founded in October 1889 by Baron A. Stuard, is the oldest museum in the Republic of Moldova, which has been a research laboratory for many famous scientists during the 20th century. The museum was built in the oriental style in 1905, being the only of its kind in Moldova. The Museum is known for its rich geological, ethnographical, paleontological, zoological, entomological, archaeological and numismatic collections. The museum, through history, has kept its two specific directions: Nature and Cultural Studies of Moldova, which was reflected by its different names throughout its existence: National Museum of Natural History, Regional Museum of Bessarabia and National Museum of Studies of the Republic. Since 2006 it is a part of the Academy’s Institute of Cultural Heritage.
The association Buciumul was founded in 1992 as a studio of folklore films and comedy, which since then has diversified its activities.