2. National History: Institutionalization, Production and Representation

2.1 Historical institutes

The by far most important institution for the production of historical knowledge, both in terms of number of researchers as well as output, is the Institut za nacionalna istorija (Institute of National History) founded by a Decree of the Government of the People's Republic of Macedonia on July 22, 1948. The decree stated its purpose as studying the history of Macedonia, of the Macedonian nation, and of the national minorities and ethnic groups living in the republic. As the name of the Institute indicates, its main aim is to create a genuinely national history for the Macedonian nation, which continues to preoccupy the historians of the institute.

At the time of the 1948 decree, the Institute commenced its activities with few research fellows, most of them without historical training, in inappropriate premises. Later it was transformed into a professional institution and provided with the necessary infrastructure and means to accomplish is stated tasks. In 1957, the Institute started publishing its academic journal “Glasnik na Institutot za nacionalna istorija” ("The Herald of the Institute for National History"), which has become the most important Macedonian historical journal, now counting more than 80 published issues. From time to time, a digest of selected articles of the journal appear in English and other foreign languages. The Institute produces many monographs and collective volume, and twice has been editing a multi-volume “Istorija na makedonskiot narod” (“History of the Macedonian People”). The first edition started to appear in 1969, the second in 2000.

Aside from the Institute for National History, history is studied in a systematic way also by the Department of History at the Philosophical Faculty of the Kiril and Metod University of Skopje and by the Institute for Old-Slavonic Culture in Prilep, which has also a branch in Skopje (in the building of the Institute for National History.

2.2 Historical Museums

The Museum of Macedonia, established in Skopje in 1944, has also a section for history. Very important for the national narrative is the Historical museum in the town of Kruševo, which commemorates the failed 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman Rule. This event is considered by Macedonian historiography as a product of the national movement among the Macedonians for independence from the Ottoman Empire.

2.3. Authoritative Historical Publications

  • Istorija na makedonskiot narod (The History of the Macedonian People), eds. Mihailo Apostolski et al., 4 vols. Skopje: Nova Makedonija, 1969.

  • 50 godini Institut za nacionalna istoria, eds. Aleksandar Trajanovski et al. Skopje: Institut za nacionalna istorija, 1988.

  • Blaže Ristovski: Istorija na makedonskata nacija. Skopje: MANU 1999.

  • Istorija na makedonskiot narod (The History of the Macedonian People), ed. Branko Panov et al, 5 vols. Skopje: Institut za nacionalna istorija, 1999‑2003.

  • Makedonski istoriski rečnik (Macedonian Historical Dictionary), eds. Stojan Kiselinovski et al. Skopje: Institut za nacionalna istorija, 2002.