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6. Official (State-sponsored) Religion

In Bosnia-Herzegovina, religious institutions have played an important role for the development of national consciousness, as the three main nationalities also belong to three different faiths.

The main religious body for the Muslim population (Bošnjaks) is the Islamic Community of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which emerged in 1992 from the previous all-Yugoslav Islamic community, which had existed since 1945 (Islamic Religious Community of Yugoslavia)

A Catholic Archbishopric was founded in 1882; aside from the church hierarchy, the order of the Franciscans has long played an important role for the collective identity of the country’s Catholic (Croatian) population.

There is no independent Bosnian Orthodox Church, as the Orthodox clergy in Bosnia-Herzegovina belongs to the Serbian Orthodox Church, with its centre in Belgrade.