Projektteam: Katharina Bluhm, Vera Trappmann; Jule-Marie Lorenzen; Denis Neumann; Alexandra Seehaus; Torsten Winkler
Förderung: DFG Kooperationsforschung: Beethoven, Projekt: UMO-2014/15/G/HS4/04476
The PREWORK ("Young precarious workers in Poland and Germany: a comparative sociological study on working and living conditions, social consciousness and civic engagement") research project seeks to propose new theoretical insights into the extent to which precarious working and living conditions influence the emergent forms of social, class and political consciousness, individual life strategies and collective civic engagement of young workers in Poland and Germany. Taking as a case example the situation of young precarious workers, the research seeks to advance the relational, historical and interpretive approach to precarity in which the social boundaries of the concept are determined by institutional features of national varieties of capitalism, cultural and political discourses of “normal employment” as well as the practices of social actors.
Projektteam: Katharina Bluhm, Mihai Varga
Laufzeit: ab 2015
Förderung: DFG, Haushaltsmittel
The major goal of the book project and conference scheduled for February 9-10, 2017 is to explore the communalities and varieties in the new conservatism of Eastern Europe and Russia. We argue that in spite of the increasing global and European attractiveness of the new nationally-oriented social conservatism, the post-communist realm still presents a specific bundle of ideas, political recipes, drivers and causes that needs to be better understood precisely because it is an influential part of a greater development. We ask about what conservatism here means, under what circumstances conservatism becomes (and under which ones it does not) a front for illiberal thinking and policies, about how conservative ideologies translate into politics, and why it has become mainstream ideology in some countries, while in others, not. We are also interested to what extent historic path dependencies and the transition paths towards market economy and democracy matter.
The making of the mature entrepreneur: life course perspective on entrepreneurship in older age in Germany and Poland
Projektteam: Justyna Stypińska, Annette Franke, Jolant Perek-Bialas, Konrad Turek
Mature entrepreneurship is gaining momentum. In both, numerical as well as in socio-political and economic terms. This research intends to examine the process of becoming an entrepreneur in later life with relation to previous career paths in order to establish how life course experiences determine the shift to self-employment. The research methodology adopted in the project is an integrative qualitative approach, where in-depth interviews with older entrepreneurs and experts are carried out in two countries – Germany (West and East) and Poland. They represent diverse approaches to mature entrepreneurship and life courses due to differences in welfare regimes, what allows for cross- and intra-country comparisons. The research will contribute in an innovative way to the study of mature entrepreneurship in ageing societies in the context of contemporary academic and political debates about the alternative models of economic activity of older adults. Moreover, the project aims to provide empirical evidence for studying the variations in modern life courses and their institutional embeddedness.
Gesellschaftliche Ordnungsvorstellungen religiöser Eliten in Südosteuropa
Projektteam: Jochen Töpfer, Juna Toska, Nenad Zivkovic, Till Krenz
Laufzeit: September 2015 - September 2018
During the last decade, public attention in Europe towards factors promoting integration or conflict in a society shifted to cultural and religious issues. Additionally, a plurality of expectations and demands were ascribed to religions and organizations representing the various religious denominations – precisely in which way they contribute to a modern, integrative societal order, especially in societies of Eastern Europe.
Beside ascriptions, what about religion itself? Central source of interpretation of (traditional) religion for today are religious dignitaries. They are accepted as normative multiplicators within their group and additionally influence wider parts of society by public statements and symbolic behavior. Taking their perspective, the project "Religious Elites and Societal Organization in South-Eastern Europe" in a first step asks for discourses which dominate within relevant religious communities in the region with regard to their relationship towards the society, the state, and other religions. Secondly, we ask if these attitudes do entail potential for integration and understanding, or rather potential for conflict in plural societies? Applying a mixed-method technique, attitudes of religious leaders in the states of Slovenia, Macedonia and Albania are identified and a structure of typical opinions about the subject is generated. These types of attitudes are analyzed subsequently according to their integrative or conflicting potential.
The project is funded entirely by DFG.
Local markets, competition and the development of small producers in the food industry
Projektteam: Mihai Varga
Laufzeit: ab 2012 (Habilitationsprojekt)
Förderung: Fritz Thyssen Stiftung; Eigenfinanzierung
This project studies small producers participating in food markets in two of Europe's weakest regions: Sicily (Italy) and Bucovina (Romania-Ukraine). The research helps to answer questions about why small producers sometimes succeed in creating producer organizations; why they participate in informal economies; and generally how do they survive and even grow despite the lack of official credit mechanisms.