Leading representatives of the Russian-Jewish émigré community in Berlin organized conferences and events in the years 1922 to 1924. The central issues were the significance of the Russian Revolution for Russian Jewry and the role of Russian Jews in building the Soviet state.
These by no means solely inner-Jewish debates, which had already begun in Russia during the civil war, involved intellectuals of all political stripes, from monarchists to Mensheviks. The discussion took place in the context of anti-Jewish pogroms in Eastern Europe, a strong emigration movement, and open anti-Semitism in the host country, Germany. Russian émigrés continued to discuss these issues with increasing urgency up to the beginning of the Second World War.
The reconstruction of these reflections of the Russian Revolution in Russian-Jewish Berlin, including the subsequent fate of those involved, is a long-overdue undertaking.