In Berlin, the center of the Hebrew movement, language was transmitted and literature produced, studied, and translated. Collection projects were also initiated.
The protagonists were mainly migrants from Eastern Europe: Chajim Nachman Bialik, Simon Rawidowicz, Micha Joseph Berdyczewski, Shay Isch Hurwitz, Martin Buber, Shmuel Joseph Agnon, and Shmuel Aba Horodetzky. They saw themselves as the generation of national resurgence.
For the Hebrew renaissance, projects for the collection of old Jewish source texts played a central role. They were intended to create a new canon of secular culture within which the national ideology could be articulated.
The project will explore the Hebrew movement more generally, but with a particular emphasis on the collection projects. Proceeding from the movement’s origins in Eastern Europe, the project will analyze its efflorescence in Zionist Berlin and subsequent transfer to Palestine.